Why are warm-ups so important?

Posted on July 22, 2021 by

For a warm-up to be effective, you need to put time into planning and ensure that the content is suitable for the individual or group.

Athletes invest considerable time into their warm-up routines so it deserves to be done well. For example, a 20-minute warm-up performed three times per week over 10 weeks is equal to 10 hours of training time.

Warm-ups are greatly important because they allow athletes to maximise physical performance and reduce injury risk during training sessions or competition.

What to think about when planning a warm-up

Some basics to consider are:

  • Activity that will follow the warm-up
  • Time or length of warm-up
  • Space available
  • Equipment
  • Number of athletes and coaches

How to warm up

The RAMP framework is a template that allows you to construct a warm-up with content sequenced appropriately, resulting in athletes being well prepared for the activities that follow:

Raise – Raise body temperature, heart and breathing rates, and increase blood flow to working muscles

Activate – Activate the main muscle groups

Mobilise – Mobilise the key joints

Potentiate – Mirror the level of intensity that will be produced during the exercises that follow in training or competition


Extra things to focus on

Warm-ups also provide a great opportunity to spend time on weaknesses, additional technical practice/rehearsal and injury prevention or management. This is often referred to as ‘movement preparation’, ‘movement competence’ or ‘prehabilitation’. Its inclusion aligns with the goals of a general warm-up in enhancing performance and athlete durability, however, supports a more long-term approach towards individual improvement over time.

The groups of activities that can be included in a warm-up for the purpose of prehabilitation are:

  • Balance & stability (Static, Dynamic)
  • Strength
  • Power
  • Plyometrics (landing, jumping, pogo jumping, hopping, bounding)


Now that you know the importance of warming up, here’s a 30 minute full body workout you can do in your local playground.


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